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About Nepal

Nepal is the land of remote mountain villages where people survive by growing their own food on the thousands of hill terraces that scale even the steepest lopes. 86% of the populations in Nepal are subsistence farmers but mechanized farming is unheard of here; the fields are ploughed by water buffalo, and ox, the corn harvested and threshed by hand and ground by water mills.


NepalThe country is virtually road less so travel throughout the hill regions is only possible on foot and all basic goods have to be carried by men or beasts. Many areas lack basic facilities like drinking water, elementary education and medical facilities. But many touristy areas are sufficiently developed for your stay to be comfortable. The past splendor and glory of this land can be seen in the architectural expression still to be found in the ancient cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur.


NepalNepal is well known as a mystical land of unparalleled variety with the altitude of 70m above the sea level in the south & 8848 m height of Mt. Everest in the north. This vast diversity in altitude has reflected to our unique culture. Verities of ethnNepalic groups have their own dramatic culture, language and dialects but most of them can communicate in Nepali. Nepal is famous for the beauties of nature by the soaring peaks of the Himalayas, green valleys, terraced farmlands, hilly foot trails & the forested plains full of rare wild lives including the lordly tiger, one – horn rhinoceros. The religious homogeneity is next unique feature for Nepal. The flourishing of art and architecture of Nepal reflect the artistic ingenuity & the religious tradition of people as well. The crystal clear lakes, turbulent rivers with deep gorge and hot springs can be well thought-out as the major astonishing point of Nepal & plants like orchids & laden rhododendrons is as charming as you can visualize.


NepalNepal Nepalhas captivated the imagination of mountaineers, explorers and all the manner of foreign visitors since it first opened its door in the 1950s. A lot of tourist visits Nepal to scale an unconquered peak, others to undertake scientific research in the high mountains, some come to complete an energetic trek or high-adrenaline rafting trip, others to enjoy the peace and cultural richness of Nepal's lower slopes and valleys. Nepal is known as trekking Paradise. One trek is rarely enough in Nepal, and many visitors soon find themselves planning to return. Many visitors come to Nepal expecting to find these things but also discover how outstanding friendly the Nepalese are.


Nepal Information
History Of Nepal
The history of modern Nepal began its evolution in the sixteenth century with founding of the house of Gorkha by Drabya Shah in 1559 AD. In 1769 Prithvi Narayan Shah, the ruler of Gorkha unified these divers kingdoms and established the general shape of the present borders of Nepal. The succeeding Nepalese generations have recognized him as founding father of the nation.

People and Languages
Nepal having a population of more than 25 million with a complex mixture of different ethnic groups each with a distinctive lifestyle and cultural flavor speaking different languages and dialect. The Gurungs and Magars live mainly in the west and on the southern slopes of Annapurna, Himalchuli and Ganesh Himal. The Rais, Limbus and Sunwars inhabit the eastern mountains.

Geography of Nepal
Nepal has always been an independent country, lying between the Tibetan autonomous region of the Peoples' Republic of China in the north and India in the east, south and west respectively. The length of the kingdom is 885 kilometers from east to west, and its breath varies from 145 kilometers to 241 kilometers from north to south. The total area is 147,181 sq. kilometers. The geographical setting of the country varies from the Tropical Tarai plains to the peak of “SAGARMATHA” Mt. Everest (8848m). On the basis of topography the country can be divided into three main regions.

Weather and Climate
Nepal’s topographical extremities govern the climate condition of Nepal. Tropical, Temperate and tundra types of climate are respectively encountered in its Tarai belt, midland hills and the alpine region. Therefore people say migrating birds do not have to leave Nepal. Nepal’s weather is generally predictable and pleasant.

Religion & Culture
Religion is an integral and deep-rooted part of Nepalese life. Nepal is only country constitutionally declared Hindu state in the world, but many religions are practice here. A remarkable feature of Nepal is thus the religious homogeneity that exists, particularly between the Buddhist and Hindu communities. The rich cultural heritage of Nepal can be seen in the diverse social customs and frequent socio-religious festivals, which spill into the streets and squares of the cities and villages. There is hardly a day or a place where one can not see the celebration of some sort of festival, however small.

Major Festivals
Religion is an integral and deep-rooted part of Nepalese life. Nepal is only country constitutionally declared Hindu state in the world, but many religions are practice here. A remarkable feature of Nepal is thus the religious homogeneity that exists, particularly between the Buddhist and Hindu communities. The rich cultural heritage of Nepal can be seen in the diverse social customs and frequent socio-religious festivals, which spill into the streets and squares of the cities and villages. There is hardly a day or a place where one can not see the celebration of some sort of festival, however small.

Nepal Culture and Customs
Affection between men and women, even married, is selfdom expressed. Public kissing, hugging, and hand- holding are offensive to most Nepalese and a sign moral. But it is acceptable for two men to walk hand in hand.


The Mountains
With her snow clad magnificent himalayas, Nepal has in store a captivating, challengeing and adventurous treasure awaiting you. Get to know the top
ten majestic peaks of Nepal; each one with its own characteristic feature. Mount Makalu stands tall at 8463m as the fourth tallest mountain of Nepal.

The Government-Policies
Until 1990, Nepal was an absolute monarchy running under the executive control of the king. Faced with a people''s movement against the absolute monarchy, King Birendra, in 1990, agreed to large-scale political reforms by creating a parliamentary monarchy with the king as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of the government.




Nepal Fact Sheet
 
Area : 147,181 sq. km
Geography : Situated between China in the north and India in the South
Location : Latitude: 2612' to 3027' North Longitude:804' to 8812' East
Capital : Kathmandu
Population : 23 million
People : 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages
Climate : sub-tropical in low lands to arctic in higher altitudes

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